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DERMATITIS


1. WHAT IS DERMATITIS?

  • A term for several skin inflammations

  • Types: contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis (eczema) and seborrheic dermatitis (cradle cap in newborns)


2. HOW TO RECOGNISE IT?

  • Dermatitis generally includes red, itchy, scaly and/or inflamed skin.

  • Blisters may develop that can ooze if scratched.

  • Contact dermatitis is found when an irritant has made contact with the skin (eg. detergent).


3. WHAT CAUSES DERMATITIS?

  • Contact dermatitis tends to appear after exposure and/or an allergic reaction to skin irritants (eg. chemicals, shampoos, cosmetics, hair dye, deodorants, perfumes and lotions).

  • Dermatitis can develop when someone first comes into contact with a particular chemical or after years of use, when the skin has become sensitized (ie: skin has become prone to irritation due to repeated exposure).

  • Seborrheic dermatitis can be caused by physical stress.

  • The exact cause of eczema is not known.


4. PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

  • Soothe red, irritated skin by moisturising with the Little Innoscents Massage Oil. All of the Little Innoscents product range is dermatitis friendly.

  • Avoid contact with irritants such as heat and chemical based products.

  • Bathe in lukewarm water and pat dry, rather than rubbing the skin.

  • Try using a non-irritating body wash that is chemical and suds free as foaming agents have a big part to play in causing skin irritations. Try using the Little Innoscents All-In-One Hair & Body Wash or the Little Innoscents Organic Goats Milk Soap bar for your babies next bath time.

  • Wet compresses may help.

  • Medical treatments prescribed by doctors for different forms of dermatitis can include corticosteroid creams, oral antihistamines and antibiotics but their effectiveness is debated.

  • Switching to organic skin care alternatives specifically designed for dermatitis, like Little Innoscents, can bring relief for your child or baby, without any of the negative side effects related to medical treatments.

  • Always consult your healthcare practitioner if symptoms persist or worsen, or if a rash, fever, oozing, or signs of infection become evident.


ECZEMA


1. WHAT IS ECZEMA?

  • Eczema is an itchy skin rash.

  • Eczema often occurs in more than one member of the family.



2. HOW TO RECOGNISE IT?

  • Dry, red and itchy skin may appear inflamed or cracked, and in some cases the skin may weep.

  • Often affected areas are found on the face and occasionally the scalp and ears.

  • Toddlers are prone to eczema on the knees, ankles and inside wrists.

  • For older children and adults, eczema may appear in elbows and knees.

  • Some people are affected over their entire body.


3. WHAT CAUSES ECZEMA?

  • The causes of eczema are still not known.

  • Many people who have eczema also have an allergy.

  • A person is more likely to have eczema if they have family members with eczema, asthma or hay fever.

  • An outbreak of eczema can be triggered by heat, soap, detergents, medicated and perfumed products, bubble baths, fabric, allergies to food, dust mites, pollens and fur.


4. PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

  • Keep skin well moisturised, preferably with organic skin care products to avoid unnecessary irritation.

  • Avoid the main triggers, such as overheating and contact with chemical irritants.

  • Reduce itching by using wet dressings or cool compresses. If scabs develop, remove by bathing in lukewarm water to soften the scabs, and then gently wiping the crusts off with a soft, wet towel.

  • Babies with eczema should be kept away from people with cold sores, as they are susceptible to the cold sore virus.

  • Prevention of an eczema outbreak is preferable to treating one. The key is to avoid chemical based products.

  • Many eczema sufferers say that using organic skin care products in general reduces the frequency and the severity of their outbreaks.

  • The complete Little Innoscents product range is formulated specifically to prevent and treat eczema. Little Innoscents Intensive Soothing Cream is a mother’s favourite product to use on eczema outbreaks.


NAPPY RASH


1. WHAT IS NAPPY RASH?

  • Nappy rash can include a variety of skin conditions that appear on the skin that is covered by a nappy. 

  • The discomfort level can range from mild to severe.


2. HOW TO RECOGNISE IT?

  • Nappy rash appears as inflamed, red, and blotchy skin in the area of the skin covered by a nappy.

  • The skin may be blistering and occasionally ulcers appear.

  • Rash may sometimes spread to tummy and bottom.

  • Rash is sore, can hurt when baby passes urine, and can lead to an unsettled and unhappy baby.


3. WHAT CAUSES NAPPY RASH?

  • Nappy rash occurs when a baby’s skin is exposed to wet or dirty nappys.  The rash is caused by a combination of heat, dampness and friction in a nappy.

  • Nappy rash can be triggered by medications, new foods and chemical irritants such as unnatural baby lotions, detergents and nappy soaking solutions.

  • Babies who suffer from eczema or cradle cap, and babies who have family members with dermatitis are prone to nappy rash.


4. PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

  • Frequent nappy changes can prevent nappy rash.

  • Let baby have some nappy free time each day (lie them on a soft towel).

  • Avoid using chemical based products.

  • Switch to cloth nappys for the duration of the rash, and ensure cotton nappys are thoroughly washed to remove all traces of detergents and chemicals.

  • Use the Little Innoscents Intensive soothing cream, specifically designed to heal, treat and prevent nappy rash.

  • See your health care professional if the rash persists for more than a week as there may be an underlying skin condition such as thrush, dermatitis or psoriasis.

  • The Little Innoscents Massage Oil can be used to treat and prevent both the dermatitis and psoriasis.


CRADLE CAP


1. WHAT IS CRADLE CAP?

  • Cradle cap is a skin condition found on a baby’s scalp (a type of seborrheic dermatitis) that commonly affects babies for the first few months of life.

  • Sometimes cradle cap lasts longer and occasionally even adults can get it.

  • Unlike other forms of dermatitis, cradle cap is not itchy.


2. HOW TO RECOGNISE IT?

  • Baby’s scalp can have a yellow dry skin with a crusty or a flaky appearance and no other symptoms such as fever.

  • Sometimes cradle cap presents with redness or a ‘greasy’ look.

  • Cradle cap may also appear on eyebrows and behind the ears.


3. WHAT CAUSES CRADLE CAP?

  • Cradle cap is an oily rather than a dry skin problem.

  • Glands in the scalp that produce a substance that oils and waterproofs the skin may be overactive. 

  • Babies may have high levels of certain hormones in their bodies after birth, which react with the glands, making surplus oil.

  • There may be a genetic element involved as babies who get cradle cap often have family members with dermatitis, eczema or asthma.


4. PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

  • Generally the cradle cap clears up by itself after a few months, but you can help treat it by using the Little Innoscents Massage Oil.

  • Apply the oil directly to the scalp and leave it for several hours or overnight.

  • Wipe the area with a washcloth and rinse well when bathing the baby, and then comb your baby’s hair with a soft brush.

  • Repeat the process as needed and within a few applications the cradle cap will be gone.

  • Although cradle cap is unsightly, it is usually harmless.

  • On rare occasions, it is possible for an infection to occur underneath cradle cap, which is indicated by very red skin and blisters which may weep.

  • See your healthcare practitioner if the cradle cap seems to worsen significantly or if scaly patches spread to other parts of the body.

  • Babies who develop cradle cap may be prone to other types of seborrheic dermatitis such as dandruff when they are older.